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the capitals of Japan in history

Let me tell you about the capitals of Japan from the viewpoint of history.From the 8th to 13th century, the capital was in Nara or Kyoto. The emperor was at the top of the society then. Buddhism such as the Tendai sect or Shingon sect flourished. They performed rites for the purpose of making the country safe, so that they would have a good harvest and also not have epidemics. The structures of Todaiji Temple, Kofukuji Temple and Toji Temple including their Buddhist statues and art works are very valuable.From the 13th to 15th century, the capital was in Kamakura or Kyoto. They were Samurai governments. Zen Buddhism flourished and the five great temples of Kamakura and those of Kyoto were established. Kinkakuji or Golden Pavillion, Ginkakuji or Silver Pavillion in Kyoto and Engakuji in Kamakura are famous. The traditional Japanese style of architecture called Shoin”zukuri style and the garden style called dry garden developed. Japanese original cultures were formed such as the tea ceremony, Noh and artworks on partitions, with influence of Chinese culture.From the 16th century on, the capital of Japan has been in Tokyo. In the Edo period, the Tokugawa shogunate was at the top of the society. Edo with a population over 1million was one of the greatest cities in the world.Popular cultures like woodblock prints, Kabuki, and sumo flourished around the Asakusa and Ryogoku areas. Another feature of Edo was its high standard of average education, due to inexpensive books, books for rent, and terakoya or private schools.Tokyo today is a vigorous mega polis with population of 30 million including surrounding areas.
by ys1042734 | 2014-11-22 04:29
<< Kyoto 皇居 >>