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Kyoto

Kyoto is a beautiful city where traditional culture and nature coexist.The center of Kyoto is Kyoto city with a population of about 1.5million. In the central area,there are temples, shrines and cultural centers like: Kyoto Imperial Palace, Nijo Castle,Honganji Temples and Kyoto University. Together with Nara and Asuka in southern area,Kyoto has been accommodating a lot of visitors from other countries as the area of mostattractive cultural aspects piled up.Kyoto is in a basin surrounded by mountains. Kiyomizudera Temple and Ginkakuji or the‘Silver Pavillion' are located in Higashiyama in eastern Kyoto. In Kitayama, northern Kyoto, you can find Kinkakuji or the ‘Golden Pavillion' and Ryoanji Temple. Arashiyajma district and Tenryuji Temple are located in western Kyoto.The Kamogawa River flows through the center of Kyoto and is rich in nature. This endows the old town with a good atmosphere together with an entertainment district like Gion,and Miyagawa’cho.It is hot in summer and cold in winter in Kyoto, making for a clear-cut four seasons. Inspring, you can enjoy various flowers and cherry blossoms lit up at Kodaiji Temple or Maruyama-koen Park are wonderful.Thanks to the great difference of temperature, maple leaves turn bright red in Kyoto.Passages to temples and shrines with mossy old trees and the fine balance of stone layout sin the gardens present Japanese aesthetic beauty.You will also find how people manage to live according to the climate in Kyoto, like in the structure of a ‘Machiya’or old Kyoto style house, where breezes flow through the building or courtyard.If you once visit Kyoto, you will realize the attractiveness of Kyoto.20
by ys1042734 | 2014-11-22 04:31

the capitals of Japan in history

Let me tell you about the capitals of Japan from the viewpoint of history.From the 8th to 13th century, the capital was in Nara or Kyoto. The emperor was at the top of the society then. Buddhism such as the Tendai sect or Shingon sect flourished. They performed rites for the purpose of making the country safe, so that they would have a good harvest and also not have epidemics. The structures of Todaiji Temple, Kofukuji Temple and Toji Temple including their Buddhist statues and art works are very valuable.From the 13th to 15th century, the capital was in Kamakura or Kyoto. They were Samurai governments. Zen Buddhism flourished and the five great temples of Kamakura and those of Kyoto were established. Kinkakuji or Golden Pavillion, Ginkakuji or Silver Pavillion in Kyoto and Engakuji in Kamakura are famous. The traditional Japanese style of architecture called Shoin”zukuri style and the garden style called dry garden developed. Japanese original cultures were formed such as the tea ceremony, Noh and artworks on partitions, with influence of Chinese culture.From the 16th century on, the capital of Japan has been in Tokyo. In the Edo period, the Tokugawa shogunate was at the top of the society. Edo with a population over 1million was one of the greatest cities in the world.Popular cultures like woodblock prints, Kabuki, and sumo flourished around the Asakusa and Ryogoku areas. Another feature of Edo was its high standard of average education, due to inexpensive books, books for rent, and terakoya or private schools.Tokyo today is a vigorous mega polis with population of 30 million including surrounding areas.
by ys1042734 | 2014-11-22 04:29